International Medical students in Canada have many opportunities to work in all sorts of diverse careers, from research to healthcare. But what about getting a job as a physician? There’s no better way to understand job opportunities than reading this article.

Medical schools are churning out more physicians than ever before, but the growth is not keeping up with an aging population and other demographic shifts that have increased demand for care. As Canadians increasingly face long waits for medical services – doctors are retiring out of frustration with work hours and benefits, changing demographics mean their patients have more chronic diseases like diabetes, arthritis, and hypertension. And tens of thousands of new patients will soon be covered by provincial health plans as Medicare expands access to prescription drugs.

Many medical students are happy to take all the extra shifts as an intern, but like many other professions, there’s a shortage of physicians. Making matters worse, there are fewer graduates than there should be: medical schools have produced more students than they can absorb.

The job opportunities for medical students in Canada vary and depend on which type of medicine a student is interested in. The most common, however, are those that provide healthcare to the public sector at various facilities. These jobs include:

Opportunities for International Medical Students in Canada

Note that majority of these jobs are certainly for graduate medical students.

Family Physicians: These doctors work from their own office or clinic in small towns and rural areas where there is not a hospital nearby. They may also see patients at an outpatient clinic or hospital on a regular basis.

Medical Specialists: These specialists may work in private practice settings where they are the ones taking care of patients with specific conditions like diabetes or stroke, as well as working alongside other physicians who have more generalized areas of expertise.

General Physicians: This type of physician has a broad practice that includes all medical conditions, or those who may be consulted by many patients.

Nurse Practitioners: They work in either hospital or private practice settings. The job profile for Nurse Practitioners is much like that of Mid-level Physicians.

Mid-Level Physicians: These physicians may work in any number of settings, such as hospitals or private clinics. They could also work alongside other specialist physicians as a team to take care of multiple patients with various conditions at smaller clinics and hospitals.

Infectious Disease Specialists: These physicians are usually board-certified and specialize in treating diseases like HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and even Ebola.

Pediatricians: This type of doctor typically works in a large hospital with all of the needs of an adult patient, but sees patients involving children.

Emergency Medicine Physicians: These physicians treat severe and life-threatening injuries at the emergency department (ER) at hospitals or other health care centers.

Surgeons: These doctors operate with various tools on patients to help them recover from diseases, injuries, or wounds.

Obstetricians and Gynecologists (OB/GYNs): These doctors are specialists who typically work in a hospital setting to take care of conditions like chronic pain in pregnant women, preventative health for women during pregnancy, and even provide cancer screening procedures for women as well as their children.

Anesthesiologists: These physicians specialize in helping patients with conditions like pain, and the surgery they undergo.

Ophthalmologists: These physicians help treat sight-related problems, including eye diseases, injuries, and diseases. They may also work alongside ophthalmologists to provide care to the eyes of children and adults.

Radiation Oncologists: These doctors specialize in cancer treatment using radiation therapy at various hospitals or clinics with oncology departments.

Pathologists: With skills like immunohistochemistry and histomorphometry, these doctors are able to diagnose a wide range of disorders involving internal organs or cells and provide care for some medical conditions that can be identified by the changes seen by their eyes.

Some people may choose to focus on other areas related to medicine such as pharmaceuticals, however, these are far less common than jobs working directly with patients. According to the Canadian Medical Association (CMA), 32% of physicians are self-employed, including those who work in medical clinics and those who work in private practices. Another 16% are employed by provincial or territorial governments and 13% get their jobs through employment contracts with hospitals.